The vast majority of Syrian refugees who are forcibly relocated are sent to the remote facilities of Azraq Camp, as Zaatari Camp had long since reached maximum capacity.

Azraq Camp is located in eastern Zarqa Governorate, in the desert area towards the border between Jordan and Saudi Arabia. Despite a nominal capacity of 120,000, the camp currently hosts approximately 35,500 refugees.

Among the reasons why many left Azraq Camp or reported not being willing to return to, interviewees mentioned issues such as the unbearable heat, the long distances to be covered daily to access food, water and services, the insufficient amount of food vouchers, the high prices of the few shops available in the area, the slow or absent provision of services and assets, the isolated location in the desert, and the lack of livelihood opportunities.

Once forcibly relocated to Azraq, virtually the only way for refugees to leave the premises of the camp is to obtain a leave permit. In order to visit their relatives left behind and support them, many have to face the expenses and logistical difficulties of travelling constantly back and forth between the remote Azraq Camp and their previous homes.